The Mount Soprano-Vesole-Chianello Aquifer has been identified as a transfer location due to its representative hydrogeological and land use features, as well as the typical Mediterranean climate. Complex tectonic relationships constrain groundwater circulation to outflow almost solely from the Capodifiume spring (with a mean discharge of 2.8 m3/s).
Until 2018, no regular measurements of spring discharge or surface runoff had been carried out in the study area. In a first field campaign in October 2018, five rain gauges, three soil moisture sensors and two pressure sensors were installed in the lake fed by the Capodifiume spring. Two weather stations and a multi-parameter probe were installed in 2019. With the collected data, it will possible to estimate the water balance and classify this aquifer based on the analysis of its discharge behavior.